[clang-tidy] implement utility-function to add 'const' to variables
This patch extends the already existing facility to add 'const' to variables
to be more flexible and correct. The previous version did not consider pointers
as value AND pointee. For future automatic introduction for const-correctness
this shortcoming needs to be fixed.
It always allows configuration where the 'const' token is inserted, either on
the left side (if possible) or the right side.
It adds many unit-tests to the utility-function that did not exist before, as
the function was implicitly tested through clang-tidy checks. These
tests were not changed, as the API is still compatible.
Reviewers: aaron.ballman, hokein, alexfh, shuaiwang, lebedev.ri
Reviewed By: aaron.ballman
Subscribers: jdoerfert, mgorny, xazax.hun, cfe-commits
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D54395