[MCA] Add flag -show-encoding to llvm-mca.
Flag -show-encoding enables the printing of instruction encodings as part of the
the instruction info view.
Example (with flags -mtriple=x86_64-- -mcpu=btver2):
: HasSideEffects (U)
: Encoding Size
       Encodings: Instructions:
1 2 1.00 4 c5 f0 59 d0 vmulps %xmm0, %xmm1, %xmm2
1 4 1.00 4 c5 eb 7c da vhaddps %xmm2, %xmm2, %xmm3
1 4 1.00 4 c5 e3 7c e3 vhaddps %xmm3, %xmm3, %xmm4
In this example, column Encoding Size is the size in bytes of the instruction
encoding. Column Encodings reports the actual instruction encodings as byte
sequences in hex (objdump style).
The computation of encodings is done by a utility class named mca::CodeEmitter.
In future, I plan to expose the CodeEmitter to the instruction builder, so that
information about instruction encoding sizes can be used by the simulator. That
would be a first step towards simulating the throughput from the decoders in the
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D65948