[DeclCXX] Remove unknown external linkage specifications
Partial revert of r372681 "Support for DWARF-5 C++ language tags".
The change introduced new external linkage languages ("C++11" and
"C++14") which not supported in C++.
It also changed the definition of the existing enum to use the DWARF
constants. The problem is that "LinkageSpecDeclBits.Language" (the field
that reserves this enum) is actually defined as 3 bits length
(bitfield), which cannot contain the new DWARF constants. Defining the
enum as integer literals is more appropriate for maintaining valid
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D69935