[mlir] Remove the PatternState class and simplify PatternMatchResult.
Summary: PatternState was a mechanism to pass state between the match and rewrite calls of a RewritePattern. With the rise of matchAndRewrite, this class is unused and unnecessary. This revision removes PatternState and simplifies PatternMatchResult to just be a LogicalResult. A future revision will replace all usages of PatternMatchResult/matchSuccess/matchFailure with LogicalResult equivalents.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D76202