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scudo: Interleave odd and even tags for adjacent blocks.

Authored by pcc on Jul 22 2020, 1:45 PM.

Description

scudo: Interleave odd and even tags for adjacent blocks.

This guarantees that we will detect a buffer overflow or underflow
that overwrites an adjacent block. This spatial guarantee is similar
to the temporal guarantee that we provide for immediate use-after-free.

Enabling odd/even tags involves a tradeoff between use-after-free
detection and buffer overflow detection. Odd/even tags make it more
likely for buffer overflows to be detected by increasing the size of
the guaranteed "red zone" around the allocation, but on the other
hand use-after-free is less likely to be detected because the tag
space for any particular chunk is cut in half. Therefore we introduce
a tuning setting to control whether odd/even tags are enabled.

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D84361