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[DebugInstrRef] Handle DBG_INSTR_REFs use-before-defs in LiveDebugValues

Authored by jmorse on Oct 23 2020, 6:53 AM.

Description

[DebugInstrRef] Handle DBG_INSTR_REFs use-before-defs in LiveDebugValues

Deciding where to place debugging instructions when normal instructions
sink between blocks is difficult -- see PR44117. Dealing with this with
instruction-referencing variable locations is simple: we just tolerate
DBG_INSTR_REFs referring to values that haven't been computed yet. This
patch adds support into InstrRefBasedLDV to record when a variable value
appears in the middle of a block, and should have a DBG_VALUE added when it
appears (a debug use before def).

While described simply, this relies heavily on the value-propagation
algorithm in InstrRefBasedLDV. The implementation doesn't attempt to verify
the location of a value unless something non-trivial occurs to merge
variable values in vlocJoin. This means that a variable with a value that
has no location can retain it across all control flow (including loops).
It's only when another debug instruction specifies a different variable
value that we have to check, and find there's no location.

This property means that if a machine value is defined in a block dominated
by a DBG_INSTR_REF that refers to it, all the successor blocks can
automatically find a location for that value (if it's not clobbered). Thus
in a sense, InstrRefBasedLDV is already supporting and implementing
use-before-defs. This patch allows us to specify a variable location in the
block where it's defined.

When loading live-in variable locations, TransferTracker currently discards
those where it can't find a location for the variable value. However, we
can tell from the machine value number whether the value is defined in this
block. If it is, add it to a set of use-before-def records. Then, once the
relevant instruction has been processed, emit a DBG_VALUE immediately after
it.

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D85775