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BPF: emit debuginfo for Function of DeclRefExpr if requested

Authored by yonghong-song on Apr 14 2021, 10:43 AM.

Description

BPF: emit debuginfo for Function of DeclRefExpr if requested

Commit e3d8ee35e4ad ("reland "[DebugInfo] Support to emit debugInfo
for extern variables"") added support to emit debugInfo for
extern variables if requested by the target. Currently, only
BPF target enables this feature by default.

As BPF ecosystem grows, callback function started to get
support, e.g., recently bpf_for_each_map_elem() is introduced
(https://lwn.net/Articles/846504/) with a callback function as an
argument. In the future we may have something like below as
a demonstration of use case :

extern int do_work(int);
long bpf_helper(void *callback_fn, void *callback_ctx, ...);
long prog_main() {
    struct { ... } ctx = { ... };
    return bpf_helper(&do_work, &ctx, ...);
}

Basically bpf helper may have a callback function and the
callback function is defined in another file or in the kernel.
In this case, we would like to know the debuginfo types for
do_work(), so the verifier can proper verify the safety of
bpf_helper() call.

For the following example,

extern int do_work(int);
long bpf_helper(void *callback_fn);
long prog() {
    return bpf_helper(&do_work);
}

Currently, there is no debuginfo generated for extern function do_work().
In the IR, we have,

...
define dso_local i64 @prog() local_unnamed_addr #0 !dbg !7 {
entry:
  %call = tail call i64 @bpf_helper(i8* bitcast (i32 (i32)* @do_work to i8*)) #2, !dbg !11
  ret i64 %call, !dbg !12
}
...
declare dso_local i32 @do_work(i32) #1
...

This patch added support for the above callback function use case, and
the generated IR looks like below:

...
declare !dbg !17 dso_local i32 @do_work(i32) #1
...
!17 = !DISubprogram(name: "do_work", scope: !1, file: !1, line: 1, type: !18, flags: DIFlagPrototyped, spFlags: DISPFlagOptimized, retainedNodes: !2)
!18 = !DISubroutineType(types: !19)
!19 = !{!20, !20}
!20 = !DIBasicType(name: "int", size: 32, encoding: DW_ATE_signed)

The TargetInfo.allowDebugInfoForExternalVar is renamed to
TargetInfo.allowDebugInfoForExternalRef as now it guards
both extern variable and extern function debuginfo generation.

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D100567