[lld-macho] Implement basic export trie

Authored by int3 on Apr 29 2020, 3:42 PM.


[lld-macho] Implement basic export trie

Build the trie by performing a three-way radix quicksort: We start by
sorting the strings by their first characters, then sort the strings
with the same first characters by their second characters, and so on
recursively. Each time the prefixes diverge, we add a node to the trie.
Thanks to @ruiu for the idea.

I used llvm-mc's radix quicksort implementation as a starting point. The
trie offset fixpoint code was taken from

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D76977