[analyzer] Initial commit for the upcoming refactoring of the IteratorChecker.
The new checker currently contains the very core infrastructure for tracking
the state of iterator-type objects in the analyzer: relating iterators to
their containers, tracking symbolic begin and end iterator values for
containers, and solving simple equality-type constraints over iterators.
A single specific check over this infrastructure is capable of finding usage of
out-of-range iterators in some simple cases.
Patch by Ádám Balogh!
Differential revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D32592