[ORC] Add ThreadSafeModule and ThreadSafeContext wrappers to support concurrent compilation of IR in the JIT.
ThreadSafeContext is a pair of an LLVMContext and a mutex that can be used to
lock that context when it needs to be accessed from multiple threads.
ThreadSafeModule is a pair of a unique_ptr<Module> and a
shared_ptr<ThreadSafeContext>. This allows the lifetime of a ThreadSafeContext
to be managed automatically in terms of the ThreadSafeModules that refer to it:
Once all modules using a ThreadSafeContext are destructed, and providing the
client has not held on to a copy of shared context pointer, the context will be
This scheme is necessary due to the following constraits: (1) We need multiple
contexts for multithreaded compilation (at least one per compile thread plus
one to store any IR not currently being compiled, though one context per module
is simpler). (2) We need to free contexts that are no longer being used so that
the JIT does not leak memory over time. (3) Module lifetimes are not
predictable (modules are compiled as needed depending on the flow of JIT'd
code) so there is no single point where contexts could be reclaimed.
JIT clients not using concurrency can safely use one ThreadSafeContext for all
JIT clients who want to be able to compile concurrently should use a different
ThreadSafeContext for each module, or call setCloneToNewContextOnEmit on their
top-level IRLayer. The former reduces compile latency (since no clone step is
needed) at the cost of additional memory overhead for uncompiled modules (as
every uncompiled module will duplicate the LLVM types, constants and metadata
that have been shared).