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[WebAssembly][CodeGen] IR support for WebAssembly local variables

Authored by wingo on Apr 21 2021, 6:41 AM.

Description

[WebAssembly][CodeGen] IR support for WebAssembly local variables

This patch adds TargetStackID::WasmLocal. This stack holds locations of
values that are only addressable by name -- not via a pointer to memory.
For the WebAssembly target, these objects are lowered to WebAssembly
local variables, which are managed by the WebAssembly run-time and are
not addressable by linear memory.

For the WebAssembly target IR indicates that an AllocaInst should be put
on TargetStackID::WasmLocal by putting it in the non-integral address
space WASM_ADDRESS_SPACE_WASM_VAR, with value 1. SROA will mostly lift
these allocations to SSA locals, but any alloca that reaches instruction
selection (usually in non-optimized builds) will be assigned the new
TargetStackID there. Loads and stores to those values are transformed
to new WebAssemblyISD::LOCAL_GET / WebAssemblyISD::LOCAL_SET nodes,
which then lower to the type-specific LOCAL_GET_I32 etc instructions via
tablegen patterns.

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D101140