[ELF] Add --dependency-file option
Clang and GCC have a feature (-MD flag) to create a dependency file
in a format that build systems such as Make or Ninja can read, which
specifies all the additional inputs such .h files.
This change introduces the same functionality to lld bringing it to
feature parity with ld and gold which gained this feature recently.
See https://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=22843 for more
details and discussion.
The implementation corresponds to -MD -MP compiler flag where the
generated dependency file also includes phony targets which works
around the errors where the dependency is removed. This matches the
format used by ld and gold.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D82437