[libc] Normalize LIBC_TARGET_MACHINE
Current implementation defines LIBC_TARGET_MACHINE with the use of CMAKE_SYSTEM_PROCESSOR.
Unfortunately CMAKE_SYSTEM_PROCESSOR is OS dependent and can produce different results.
An evidence of this is the various matchers used to detect whether the architecture is x86.
This patch normalizes LIBC_TARGET_MACHINE and renames it LIBC_TARGET_ARCHITECTURE.
I've added many architectures but we may want to limit ourselves to x86 and ARM.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D101524