Implement _ExtInt conversion rules
Clang implemented the _ExtInt datatype as a bit-precise integer type,
which was then proposed to WG14. WG14 has accepted the proposal
(http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg14/www/docs/n2709.pdf), but Clang
requires some additional work as a result.
In the original Clang implementation, we elected to disallow implicit
conversions involving these types until after WG14 finalized the rules.
This patch implements the rules decided by WG14: no integer promotion
for bit-precise types, conversions prefer the larger of the two types
and in the event of a tie (say _ExtInt(32) and a 32-bit int), the
standard type wins.
There are more changes still needed to conform to N2709, but those will
be handled in follow-up patches.