[ELF] Allow SHF_LINK_ORDER and non-SHF_LINK_ORDER to be mixed

Authored by MaskRay on Mar 28 2020, 11:12 PM.


[ELF] Allow SHF_LINK_ORDER and non-SHF_LINK_ORDER to be mixed

Currently, error: incompatible section flags for .rodata is reported
when we mix SHF_LINK_ORDER and non-SHF_LINK_ORDER sections in an output section.

This is overconstrained. This patch allows mixed flags with the
requirement that SHF_LINK_ORDER sections must be contiguous. Mixing
flags is used by Linux aarch64 (https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/953)

.init.data : { ... KEEP(*(__patchable_function_entries)) ... }

When the integrated assembler is enabled, clang's -fpatchable-function-entry=N[,M]
implementation sets the SHF_LINK_ORDER flag (D72215) to fix a number of
garbage collection issues.

Strictly speaking, the ELF specification does not require contiguous
SHF_LINK_ORDER sections but for many current uses of SHF_LINK_ORDER like
.ARM.exidx/__patchable_function_entries there has been a requirement for
the sections to be contiguous on top of the requirements of the ELF

This patch also imposes one restriction: SHF_LINK_ORDER sections cannot
be separated by a symbol assignment or a BYTE command. Not allowing BYTE
is a natural extension that a non-SHF_LINK_ORDER cannot be a separator.
Symbol assignments can delimiter the contents of SHF_LINK_ORDER
sections. Allowing SHF_LINK_ORDER sections across symbol assignments
(especially start_/stop_) can make things hard to explain. The
restriction should not be a problem for practical use cases.

Reviewed By: psmith

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D77007