[mlir] support materialization for 1-1 type conversions
Dialect conversion infrastructure supports 1->N type conversions by requiring
individual conversions to provide facilities to generate operations
retrofitting N values into 1 of the original type when N > 1. This
functionality can also be used to materialize explicit "cast"-like operations,
but it did not support 1->1 type conversions until now. Modify TypeConverter to
support materialization of cast operations for 1-1 conversions.
This also makes materialization specification more extensible following the
same pattern as type conversions. Instead of overloading a virtual function,
users or subclasses of TypeConversion can now register type-specific
materialization callbacks that will be called in order for the given type.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D79729