[X86] Add Indirect Thunk Support to X86 to mitigate Load Value Injection (LVI)
This pass replaces each indirect call/jump with a direct call to a thunk that looks like:
This ensures that if the value in register %r11 was loaded from memory, then
the value in %r11 is (architecturally) correct prior to the jump.
Also adds a new target feature to X86: +lvi-cfi
("cfi" meaning control-flow integrity)
The feature can be added via clang CLI using -mlvi-cfi.
This is an alternate implementation to https://reviews.llvm.org/D75934 That merges the thunk insertion functionality with the existing X86 retpoline code.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D76812