[AMDGPU] Add an experimental buffer fat pointer address space.
Add an experimental buffer fat pointer address space that is currently
unhandled in the backend. This commit reserves address space 7 as a
non-integral pointer repsenting the 160-bit fat pointer (128-bit buffer
descriptor + 32-bit offset) that is heavily used in graphics workloads
using the AMDGPU backend.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D58957