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[CMake][ELF] Link libLLVM.so and libclang-cpp.so with -Bsymbolic-functions

Authored by MaskRay on May 13 2021, 1:44 PM.

Description

[CMake][ELF] Link libLLVM.so and libclang-cpp.so with -Bsymbolic-functions

llvm-dev message: https://lists.llvm.org/pipermail/llvm-dev/2021-May/150465.html

In an ELF shared object, a default visibility defined symbol is preemptible by
default. This creates some missed optimization opportunities.
-Bsymbolic-functions is more aggressive than our current -fvisibility-inlines-hidden
(present since 2012) as it applies to all function definitions. It can

  • avoid PLT for cross-TU function calls && reduce dynamic symbol lookup
  • reduce dynamic symbol lookup for taking function addresses and optimize out GOT/TOC on x86-64/ppc64

In a -DLLVM_TARGETS_TO_BUILD=X86 build, the number of JUMP_SLOT decreases from 12716 to 1628, and the number of GLOB_DAT decreases from 1918 to 1313
The built clang with -DLLVM_LINK_LLVM_DYLIB=on -DCLANG_LINK_CLANG_DYLIB=on is significantly faster.
See the Linux kernel build result https://bugs.archlinux.org/task/70697

Note: the performance of -fno-semantic-interposition -Bsymbolic-functions
libLLVM.so and libclang-cpp.so is close to a PIE binary linking against
libLLVM*.a and libclang*.a. When the host compiler is Clang,
-Bsymbolic-functions is the major contributor. On x86-64 (with GOTPCRELX) and
ppc64 ELFv2, the GOT/TOC relocations can be optimized.

Some implication:

Interposing a subset of functions is no longer supported.
(This is fragile on ELF and unsupported on Mach-O at all. For Mach-O we don't
use ld -interpose or -flat_namespace)

Compiling a program which takes the address of any LLVM function with
{gcc,clang} -fno-pic and expects the address to equal to the address taken
from libLLVM.so or libclang-cpp.so is unsupported. I am fairly confident that
llvm-project shouldn't have different behaviors depending on such pointer
equality (as we've been using -fvisibility-inlines-hidden which applies to
inline functions for a long time), but if we accidentally do, users should be
aware that they should not make assumption on pointer equality in -fno-pic
mode.

See more on https://maskray.me/blog/2021-05-09-fno-semantic-interposition

Reviewed By: phosek

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D102090