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Support -fstack-clash-protection for x86

Authored by serge-sans-paille on Sep 9 2019, 7:59 AM.

Description

Support -fstack-clash-protection for x86

Implement protection against the stack clash attack [0] through inline stack
probing.

Probe stack allocation every PAGE_SIZE during frame lowering or dynamic
allocation to make sure the page guard, if any, is touched when touching the
stack, in a similar manner to GCC[1].

This extends the existing probe-stack' mechanism with a special value inline-asm'.
Technically the former uses function call before stack allocation while this
patch provides inlined stack probes and chunk allocation.

Only implemented for x86.

[0] https://www.qualys.com/2017/06/19/stack-clash/stack-clash.txt
[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/ml/gcc-patches/2017-07/msg00556.html

This a recommit of 39f50da2a357a8f685b3540246c5d762734e035f with correct option
flags set.

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D68720