[JumpThreading] Fix threading with unusual PHI nodes.
If the block being cloned contains a PHI node, in general, we need to
clone that PHI node, even though it's trivial. If the operand of the PHI
is an instruction in the block being cloned, the correct value for the
operand doesn't exist until SSAUpdater constructs it.
We usually don't hit this issue because we try to avoid threading across
loop headers, but it's possible to hit this in some cases involving
irreducible CFGs. I added a flag to allow threading across loop headers
to make the testcase easier to understand.
Thanks to Brian Rzycki for reducing the testcase.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D63913