[MemProf] Memory profiling runtime support
See RFC for background:
Follow on companion to the clang/llvm instrumentation support in D85948
and committed earlier.
This patch adds the compiler-rt runtime support for the memory
Note that much of this support was cloned from asan (and then greatly
simplified and renamed). For example the interactions with the
sanitizer_common allocators, error handling, interception, etc.
The bulk of the memory profiling specific code can be found in the
MemInfoBlock, MemInfoBlockCache, and related classes defined and used
For now, the memory profile is dumped to text (stderr by default, but
honors the sanitizer_common log_path flag). It is dumped in either a
default verbose format, or an optional terse format.
This patch also adds a set of tests for the core functionality.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D87120