[Concepts] Fix incorrect control flow when TryAnnotateTypeConstraint annotates an invalid template-id
TryAnnotateTypeConstraint could annotate a template-id which doesn't end up being a type-constraint,
in which case control flow would incorrectly flow into ParseImplicitInt.
Reenter the loop in this case.
Enable relevant tests for C++20. This required disabling typo-correction during TryAnnotateTypeConstraint
and changing a test case which is broken due to a separate bug (will be reported and handled separately).
(cherry picked from commit 19fccc52ff2c1da1f93d9317c34769bd9bab8ac8)