Add lowering of constant ops to SPIR-V.
The lowering is specified as a pattern and is done only if the result
is a SPIR-V scalar type or vector type.
Handling ConstantOp with index return type needs special handling
since SPIR-V dialect does not have index types. Based on the bitwidth
of the attribute value, either i32 or i64 is chosen.
Other constant lowerings are left as a TODO.