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Add -f[no-]direct-access-external-data to supersede -mpie-copy-relocations

Authored by MaskRay on Jan 9 2021, 12:29 AM.

Description

Add -f[no-]direct-access-external-data to supersede -mpie-copy-relocations

GCC r218397 "x86-64: Optimize access to globals in PIE with copy reloc" made
-fpie code emit R_X86_64_PC32 to reference external data symbols by default.
Clang adopted -mpie-copy-relocations D19996 as a flexible alternative.

The name -mpie-copy-relocations can be improved [1] and does not capture the
idea that this option can apply to -fno-pic and -fpic [2], so this patch
introduces -f[no-]direct-access-external-data and makes -mpie-copy-relocations
their aliases for compatibility.

[1]
For

extern int var;
int get() { return var; }

if var is defined in another translation unit in the link unit, there is no copy
relocation.

[2]
-fno-pic -fno-direct-access-external-data is useful to avoid copy relocations.
https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=65888
If a shared object is linked with -Bsymbolic or --dynamic-list and exports a
data symbol, normally the data symbol cannot be accessed by -fno-pic code
(because by default an absolute relocation is produced which will lead to a copy
relocation). -fno-direct-access-external-data can prevent copy relocations.

-fpic -fdirect-access-external-data can avoid GOT indirection. This is like the
undefined counterpart of -fno-semantic-interposition. However, the user should
define var in another translation unit and link with -Bsymbolic or
--dynamic-list, otherwise the linker will error in a -shared link. Generally
the user has better tools for their goal but I want to mention that this
combination is valid.

On COFF, the behavior is like always -fdirect-access-external-data.
__declspec(dllimport) is needed to enable indirect access.

There is currently no plan to affect non-ELF behaviors or -fpic behaviors.

-fno-pic -fno-direct-access-external-data will be implemented in the subsequent patch.

GCC feature request https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=98112

Reviewed By: tmsriram

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D92633

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