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[scudo][standalone] Add a free list to the Secondary

Authored by cryptoad on Oct 29 2019, 9:30 AM.

Description

[scudo][standalone] Add a free list to the Secondary

Summary:
The secondary allocator is slow, because we map and unmap each block
on allocation and deallocation.

While I really like the security benefits of such a behavior, this
yields very disappointing performance numbers on Android for larger
allocation benchmarks.

So this change adds a free list to the secondary, that will hold
recently deallocated chunks, and (currently) release the extraneous
memory. This allows to save on some memory mapping operations on
allocation and deallocation. I do not think that this lowers the
security of the secondary, but can increase the memory footprint a
little bit (RSS & VA).

The maximum number of blocks the free list can hold is templatable,
0U meaning that we fallback to the old behavior. The higher that
number, the higher the extra memory footprint.

I added default configurations for all our platforms, but they are
likely to change in the near future based on needs and feedback.

Reviewers: hctim, morehouse, cferris, pcc, eugenis, vitalybuka

Subscribers: mgorny, #sanitizers, llvm-commits

Tags: #sanitizers, #llvm

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D69570

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