[CMake] Cache the compiler-rt library search results
There's a lot of duplicated calls to find various compiler-rt libraries
from build of runtime libraries like libunwind, libc++, libc++abi and
compiler-rt. The compiler-rt helper module already implemented caching
for results avoid repeated Clang invocations.
This change moves the compiler-rt implementation into a shared location
and reuses it from other runtimes to reduce duplication and speed up
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D88458