Added support for reading thread-local storage variables, as defined using the __thread modifier.
To make this work this patch extends LLDB to:
- Explicitly track the link_map address for each module. This is effectively the module handle, not sure why it wasn't already being stored off anywhere. As an extension later, it would be nice if someone were to add support for printing this as part of the modules list.
- Allow reading the per-thread data pointer via ptrace. I have added support for Linux here. I'll be happy to add support for FreeBSD once this is reviewed. OS X does not appear to have __thread variables, so maybe we don't need it there. Windows support should eventually be workable along the same lines.
- Make DWARF expressions track which module they originated from.
- Add support for the DW_OP_GNU_push_tls_address DWARF opcode, as generated by gcc and recent versions of clang. Earlier versions of clang (such as 3.2, which is default on Ubuntu right now) do not generate TLS debug info correctly so can not be supported here.
- Understand the format of the pthread DTV block. This is where it gets tricky. We have three basic options here:
- Call "dlinfo" or "__tls_get_addr" on the inferior and ask it directly. However this won't work on core dumps, and generally speaking it's not a good idea for the debugger to call functions itself, as it has the potential to not work depending on the state of the target.
- Use libthread_db. This is what GDB does. However this option requires having a version of libthread_db on the host cross-compiled for each potential target. This places a large burden on the user, and would make it very hard to cross-debug from Windows to Linux, for example. Trying to build a library intended exclusively for one OS on a different one is not pleasant. GDB sidesteps the problem and asks the user to figure it out.
- Parse the DTV structure ourselves. On initial inspection this seems to be a bad option, as the DTV structure (the format used by the runtime to manage TLS data) is not in fact a kernel data structure, it is implemented entirely in useerland in libc. Therefore the layout of it's fields are version and OS dependent, and are not standardized.
However, it turns out not to be such a problem. All OSes use basically the same algorithm (a per-module lookup table) as detailed in Ulrich Drepper's TLS ELF ABI document, so we can easily write code to decode it ourselves. The only question therefore is the exact field layouts required. Happily, the implementors of libpthread expose the structure of the DTV via metadata exported as symbols from the .so itself, designed exactly for this kind of thing. So this patch simply reads that metadata in, and re-implements libthread_db's algorithm itself. We thereby get cross-platform TLS lookup without either requiring third-party libraries, while still being independent of the version of libpthread being used.
Test case included.