AArch64: Add a tagged-globals backend feature.
This feature instructs the backend to allow locally defined global variable
addresses to contain a pointer tag in bits 56-63 that will be ignored by
the hardware (i.e. TBI), but may be used by an instrumentation pass such
as HWASAN. It works by adding a MOVK instruction to the regular ADRP/ADD
sequence that sets bits 48-63 to the corresponding bits of the global, with
the linker bounds check disabled on the ADRP instruction to prevent the tag
from causing a link failure.
This implementation of the feature omits the MOVK when loading from or storing
to a global, which is sufficient for TBI. If the same approach is extended
to MTE, assuming that 0 is not configured as a catch-all tag, we will most
likely also need the MOVK in this case in order to avoid a tag mismatch.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D65364