[DomTree] Replace ChildrenGetter with GraphTraits over GraphDiff.
This replaces the ChildrenGetter inside the DominatorTree with
GraphTraits over a GraphDiff object, an object which encapsulated the
view of the previous CFG.
This also simplifies the extentions in clang which use DominatorTree, as
GraphDiff also filters nullptrs.
Re-land a90374988e4eb8c50d91e11f4e61cdbd5debb235 after moving CFGDiff.h
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D77341