Rust projects tend to link in all object files from all dependent libraries and rely on --gc-sections to strip unused code and data. Unfortunately --gc-sections doesn't currently strip any debuginfo associated with GC'ed sections, so lld links in the full debuginfo from all dependencies even if almost all that code has been discarded. See https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/56068 for some details.
Properly stripping debuginfo for discarded sections would be difficult, but a simple approach that helps significantly is to mark debuginfo sections as live only if their associated object file has at least one live code/data section. This patch does that. In a (contrived but not totally artificial) Rust testcase linked above, it reduces the final binary size from 46MB to 5.1MB.