[SystemZ] Add support for z13 and its vector facility
This patch adds support for the z13 architecture type. For compatibility
with GCC, a pair of options -mvx / -mno-vx can be used to selectively
enable/disable use of the vector facility.
When the vector facility is present, we default to the new vector ABI.
This is characterized by two major differences:
- Vector types are passed/returned in vector registers (except for unnamed arguments of a variable-argument list function).
- Vector types are at most 8-byte aligned.
The reason for the choice of 8-byte vector alignment is that the hardware
is able to efficiently load vectors at 8-byte alignment, and the ABI only
guarantees 8-byte alignment of the stack pointer, so requiring any higher
alignment for vectors would require dynamic stack re-alignment code.
However, for compatibility with old code that may use vector types, when
*not* using the vector facility, the old alignment rules (vector types
are naturally aligned) remain in use.
These alignment rules are not only implemented at the C language level,
but also at the LLVM IR level. This is done by selecting a different
DataLayout string depending on whether the vector ABI is in effect or not.
Based on a patch by Richard Sandiford.