[Sema][AArch64] Support arm_sve_vector_bits attribute
This patch implements the semantics for the 'arm_sve_vector_bits' type
attribute, defined by the Arm C Language Extensions (ACLE) for SVE .
The purpose of this attribute is to define vector-length-specific (VLS)
versions of existing vector-length-agnostic (VLA) types.
The semantics were already implemented by D83551, although the
implementation approach has since changed to represent VLSTs as
VectorType in the AST and fixed-length vectors in the IR everywhere
except in function args/returns. This is described in the prototype
patch D85128 demonstrating the new approach.
The semantic changes added in D83551 are changed since the
AttributedType is replaced by VectorType in the AST. Minimal changes
were necessary in the previous patch as the canonical type for both VLA
and VLS was the same (i.e. sizeless), except in constructs such as
globals and structs where sizeless types are unsupported. This patch
reverts the changes that permitted VLS types that were represented as
sizeless types in such circumstances, and adds support for implicit
casting between VLA <-> VLS types as described in section 188.8.131.52 of the
Since the SVE builtin types for bool and uint8 are both represented as
BuiltinType::UChar in VLSTs, two new vector kinds are implemented to
distinguish predicate and data vectors.
Reviewed By: aaron.ballman
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D85736