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[InlineCost] Implement cost-benefit-based inliner

Authored by kazu on Dec 18 2020, 12:37 AM.

Description

[InlineCost] Implement cost-benefit-based inliner

This patch adds an alternative cost metric for the inliner to take
into account both the cost (i.e. size) and cycle count savings into
account.

Without this patch, we decide to inline a given call site if the size
of inlining the call site is below the threshold that is computed
according to the hotness of the call site.

This patch adds a new cost metric, turned off by default, to take over
the handling of hot call sites. Specifically, with the new cost
metric, we decide to inline a given call site if the ratio of cycle
savings to size exceeds a threshold. The cycle savings are computed
from call site costs, parameter propagation, folded conditional
branches, etc, all weighted by their respective profile counts. The
size is primarily the callee size, but we subtract call site costs and
the size of basic blocks that are never executed.

The new cost metric implicitly takes advantage of the machine function
splitter recently introduced by Snehasish Kumar, which dramatically
reduces the cost of duplicating (e.g. inlining) cold basic blocks by
placing cold basic blocks of hot functions in the .text.split
section.

We evaluated the new cost metric on clang bootstrap and SPECInt 2017.

For clang bootstrap, we observe 0.69% runtime improvement.

For SPECInt we report the change in IntRate the C/C++ benchmarks. All
benchmarks apart from perlbench and omnetpp improve, on average by
0.21% with the max for mcf at 1.96%.

Benchmark % Change
500.perlbench_r -0.45
502.gcc_r 0.13
505.mcf_r 1.96
520.omnetpp_r -0.28
523.xalancbmk_r 0.49
525.x264_r 0.00
531.deepsjeng_r 0.00
541.leela_r 0.35
557.xz_r 0.21

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D92780