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[Analysis] TTI: Add CastContextHint for getCastInstrCost

Authored by dmgreen on Wed, Jul 29, 5:32 AM.

Description

[Analysis] TTI: Add CastContextHint for getCastInstrCost

Currently, getCastInstrCost has limited information about the cast it's
rating, often just the opcode and types. Sometimes there is a context
instruction as well, but it isn't trustworthy: for instance, when the
vectorizer is rating a plan, it calls getCastInstrCost with the old
instructions when, in fact, it's trying to evaluate the cost of the
instruction post-vectorization. Thus, the current system can get the
cost of certain casts incorrect as the correct cost can vary greatly
based on the context in which it's used.

For example, if the vectorizer queries getCastInstrCost to evaluate the
cost of a sext(load) with tail predication enabled, getCastInstrCost
will think it's free most of the time, but it's not always free. On ARM
MVE, a VLD2 group cannot be extended like a normal VLDR can. Similar
situations can come up with how masked loads can be extended when being
split.

To fix that, this path adds a new parameter to getCastInstrCost to give
it a hint about the context of the cast. It adds a CastContextHint enum
which contains the type of the load/store being created by the
vectorizer - one for each of the types it can produce.

Original patch by Pierre van Houtryve

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D79162

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