[libcxx] [test] Use error_code::default_error_condition to check errors against the expected codes
error_code returned from functions might not be of the generic category,
but of the system category, which can have different error code values.
Use default_error_condition() to remap errors to the generic category
where possible, to allow comparing them to the expected values.
Use the ErrorIs() helper instead of a direct comparison against
an excpected value.
Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D90602